The 7th largest country in Africa, Ethiopia is roughly the size of France or Spain. It is bordered by Sudan and South Sudan to the west, Kenya to the south, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, and Eritrea to the north (on the other side of Eritrea is the Red Sea and the Arabian Peninsula).
Geographical Zones of Ethiopia
The rugged landscape founded on ancient, Precambrian rock is divided from north to south by the Great Rift Valley, with the Western and Eastern Highlands and Lowlands on either side. The typical elevation of the central plateaus ranges between 2,000 and 3,000 m. The highest peak is Ras Dashen (4,543), in the Semien Mountains in the northwest, with Mt. Batu (4,307 m) in the southeastern Bale Mountains a close second. Major rivers include the Blue Nile, which begins in Lake Tana and eventually flows into the Nile River, and the Awash, which feeds into Lake Turkana at the southeastern border. Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, is located in the centre of the country, though historical capitals are usually located in the north.