The abundance of endemic flora and fauna species in the Ethiopian highlands renders the country home to the highest concentration of endemics in Africa.
Among the famed mammals of Ethiopia are the gelada, primates whose chests and throats bear a distinctive red streak, thus earning them the epithet of “bleeding-heart monkey.”
The endangered copper-colored Ethiopian wolf also roams these highlands—primarily the Bale Mountain range—and preys exclusively upon Afromontane rodents. Both of these endemic species, along with the black-maned Ethiopian lion and impressively-antlered mountain nyala, are discoverable in Bale Mountains National Park. The cryptic wolf shares this mountainous habitat and has until recently undergone misclassification as a golden jackal.
The Menz-Guassa Community Conservation Area not only serves as home to the cryptic wolf, gelada, and Ethiopian wolves, but also to leopard, duikers, and klipspringers. Ethiopia’s Gambella National Park witnesses the annual great migration of white-eared kob, tiang, Nile lechwe, and Mongalla gazelle as they pursue suitable land. An awesome sight, the total number of antelope who participate in this journey number over one million. These antelope species’ cousin, the walia ibex, resides in Simien Mountains National Park, along with the gelada and on rare occasions, the Ethiopian wolf.